|Date of Pontificate||8th March, 1644 at Kiratpur. Duration of pontificate - about 17 years.|
|Date and Place of Birth||26th February 1630 (Nanakshahi calendar)at Kiratpur district Ropar in Panjab.
||Bhai Gurditta||Mother's Name
||Mata Nihal Kaur||Wife's Name
||Bibi Katakalyani and Bibi Kishan Kaur||Children
||Two sons - Baba Ram Rai (Mata Kotakalyani) and Guru Harikrishan (Mata Kishan Kaur)||Date and place of death
||6th October, 1661 at Kiratpur Sahib. Aged 31 years.||Special Comments
|| (i) He maintained a cavalry of 2200 horses, but devoted himself solely to the peaceful art of living.
(ii) He helped Dara Shikoh (1615-1659) the eldest son of Emperor Shahjahan when he was in distress. Emperor Aurangzeb summoned Guru Sahib on this account.
Guru sahib instead sent his son Ram Rai to Delhi. Baba Ram Rai in order to win over Emperor Aurangzeb substituted the word baiman for Musalaman as:
" The dust of a Musalaman/baiman body finds its way in the hands of the potter, who makes pots and bricks out of it. He fires the clay it cries out as it burns".
(iii) Guru Sahib excommunicated Baba Ram Rai as he could not maintain the sanctity of Gurbani. |