Guru Tegbhadur Ji

Name First name Tyag Mall, but was renamed Tegh Bahadur for his wonderful brave (bahadur) acts with the sword (Tegh).
Pontificate Ninth Guru
Date of Pontificate 16th April,1664 at Bakala. Duration of pontificate - about 11 years.
Date and Place of Birth 18th April 1621 (Nanakshahi calendar)at Guru-Ke-Mahal, Amritsar.
Father's Name Guru Hargobind Sahib
Mother's Name Mata Nanaki, daughter of Bhai Hari Chand of Bakala.
Wife's Name Bibi Gujri
Children One son - Guru Gobind Singh
Date and place of death 24th November, 1675 at Chandni Chowk, Delhi. Aged 54 years.
Bani 116 hymns and slokas. He also composed hymns in a new (31st) musical measure - Jaijawanti. His hymns were incorporated in the Guru Granth Sahib by Guru Gobind Singh who also bestowed on Holy Book the pontificate of the Guru and directed his Sikhs to follow the Adi Granth (Scripture) as their Guru.
Special Comments (i) Gave away his life to protect dharma or righteousness. Since those defended were Hindus, (a majority community) he came to be known by the epithet 'Hind-di-chadar' - protector of India. He became champion of human rights. (ii) Advised mankind neither to frighten others nor to be afraid of anyone. (iii) Taught to make sacrifices for the sake of justice, righteousness and self-respect. (iv) Founded the cities of Anandpur Sahib and Guru-Ka-Lahore.